India travel guide



Panjim Travel Guide

Panjim City

The city of Panjim is the capital of the Indian State of Goa, Panjim is located in the left bank of the Mandovi River, and the city is en the west coast of the State.

The small city has a population of 65,000 habitants, in 36 sq km; it is the third largest city in the State of Goa after of Vasco Da Gama and Margao. Its name has different pronunciations and writings, in English is called Panjim, in the local languages of Konkani is called Ponnje, the Portuguese had been called Pangim, but since 1960s the city officially is called Panaji, this name is a Marathi word that mean “land that does not flood”.

In the city, the people speak different languages such as Konkani, Marathi, Hindi and English. In the same way that the other Indian cities; in Panjim is professed Christianity, Islam and Hinduism religions. The city is a good place to remember the European influence in the country, the city was built in the Baroque Style, The Church of the Immaculate Conception that is most beautiful and elegant building in the State that show this style and the main square called the Municipal Garden are the centre of attractions of the city, but more tourist attraction is there like Dona Paula Beach, the Asilshah Palace, the Goa State Museum, Biocholim Mayen Lake, the Hindu Mahalaxmi Temple, the Jama Masjid Mosque, the Chapel of St. Sebastian, ruins of St. Agustin Towers, the Chapel of the Our Lady of the Mount, The Church and Convent of St. Monica and Miramar Beach.

The first name of the city was Pahajani Khali, the land of the backwaters, and the area of Goa were inside of the Mauryan Empire, about third century BC, then the city was ruled by the Satavahanas, the Chalukyas and the Kadambas. Old Goa was the capital of the Goa State during the rule of the Kadambas, in the 11th century, the Muslims occupied about 14th centuries and made of Panjim their Capital, there Adil Shahis od Bijapur built a Palace, but in 16th century Portuguese conquered the Goa State, and this palace was the official residence of the Viceroy. In 1843, the Viceroy carries the capital of Goa State to Panjim officially, because Old Goa the last capital silted up, the city received the name of New Goa, later, the city was called Pangim. Between 16th century and 17th century, the city progress quickly and the principals gave the official name to the city, and called Panaji, in local Konkani language.

The weather in Panjim is pleasant, warm and humid during the year, its average temperatures are between 28º and 33º, the city has its monsoon season during June, August and September, the rains fall between October and February.

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