India travel guide



Mumbai Travel Guide

Mumbai History

Mumbai originally consisted in seven islands that were inhabited since Stone Age, these island were Colaba, Mazagaon, Old Woman's Island, Wadala, Mahim, Parel, and Matunga-Sion, and these were inside of the Ashoka’s kingdom, who was king of the Maurya Empire; when the King Ashoka died, Mumbai formed part of several Hindu empires. The last Hindu ruler was Silhara Dynasty, then in 1343 the king Gujarat annexed the city to his Empire, during this days, was built the Elephanta Caves and the Walkeshwar temple complex.

In 1508, Francis Almeida, Portuguese sailor, arrived to natural port of the Mombai’s island, he called Bomb Bahia to the islands and in 1543, Bahadur Shah of Gujarat ceded the islands to the Portuguese empire. More late in 1661, Charles II of England received the islands how dowry of the princess Catherine de Braganza, who was married with him.

In 1668, the British East India Company leased the island for a sum of 10 pound sterling per annum; the British Company founded the modern city, and soon subsequently moved their main holdings from Surat to Mumbai. In this time, the island took the name of Bombay; name corrupted by the British from the Portuguese name Bom Bahia, after of this confusion the island had other names, Mumba and Mumbadevi, names that gave the Kolis to the islands. During the first years the life in the island wasn’t easy, many people died with malaria and cholera, but the population increased from 10,000 in 1661, to 60,000 in 1674. Between 1672 and 1677, the fourth governor Gerald Aungier made of Mumbai, a city more populous, for this fact, he established in the city to Gujerati traders, Parsi ship builders,Muslim weavers and Hindu manufacturers. He also built a fort and courts of law.

In 1803 the Fort area was destroyed by a devastating fire; after in 1817, the city was restructured with large civil engineering projects. The first railway line appear in 1853, the railway connected Mumbai with town of Thane. About American Civil War, the city had a great growth, and was the centre of commerce and industry, the cotton was the boom in the trading market; in 1859 when the Suez Canal was opened the economy grew and the port was very important seaport on the Arabian Sea and the principal area of commerce between Europe an Asia.

In the earlier of 19th century, the population of Mumbai grew enormously, became in the second largest city after Calcutta, with more than one million of population, in 1942 Mahatma Gandhi began the Quit India Movement, and the city was the centre for the Indian independence movement, in 1947 the city was declared capital of the Bombay State, and expanded its limits how is now. On May 1, 1960 Mumbai became in the capital of the integrated state of Maharashtra, and Gujarat passed to form part of this new State. During this time 105 people died in a protest when they were faced up to with the police.

In the 1970s many migrants made that Mumbai became in the most populous city of India, after of this fact, Bal Thackery founded Shiv Sena, political group that safeguarded the rights of the native citizens of Mumbai, but the violence grew in the city, and textile strike made that many workers were unemployed, and more than seven hundred people died during the disturbances. In 1993, simultaneous bombs, killed 317 people in the heart of the city, but the city was recovered quickly and business made that city was called the City of Dreams.

In 1995 the city was renamed like Mumbai, during earlier 20th, bombs exploded, and affected to the Public Transport Buses, and in 2006, Mumbai has a major terrorist incident where various bombs exploded simultaneously in the Mumbai Suburban Railway in which killed more than two hundred people.

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