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Jodhpur Travel Guide

Jodhpur History



The earlier history of the Jodhpur began when Rathores clan was ruled the kingdom, they were considered themselves how the family of the sun, or Suryavanshi, but they was expelled from his lands, when Mohamad Ghori the Afgan annexed Kannauj in 1192, after, they was wandering through Gujarat, and settled down in Pali; more late with matrimonial alliances, and descendants of the Rathores, had a couple up a large enough army to capture Mandore, the capital of Marwar, and Rathores became to ruler in Marwar.

When Rathores capture Marwar, Rao Jodha, who was descendent of the Rathores family, and the chief of the clan, decided to found Jodhpur in 1459, shifting the base to a safer place, and was moving the capital from Mandore. Rao Jodha succeeded in conquering the surrounding territory and thus founded the state. He built his new city and fort on a craggy hill known as the birds nest, atop this eyrie, Jodha built his stronghold called the Chintamani Fort, later called Mehrangarh, and he reach to control eight thousand square miles of territory. Jodha lived in his fort by 30 years, and made of the city a flourishing trade in opium, copper, silk, sandals, date palms and coffee, because the city was located on the strategic road linking Delhi to Gujarat.

Surajmal who succeeded to Jodha, and ruled Jodhpur for seven years, because he died in battle with Pathans; the Pathans carried off a hundred and forty Rajput women during the Hindu festival of Teej, and Jodha swear to avenge the insult even that was with its death. After this fact, Jodhpur had the first war whit the imperial army of Delhi. Later Rao Ganga Singh successor of Surajmal, ruled Jodhpur during the next 16 years, he forms part of the last confederacy made by Rajputs for national independence. But the Mughal Babur, battle after battle was establishing the Mughal power in India, since the Mughals ruler in India during two centuries.

In the times of the Mughal Empire, the Jodhpur state was under managed of Raja Maldeo, because Babur found nothing to tempt him in the infertile lands of Marwar, but the state became a fief under the Mughal Empire. With the alliance Jodhpur was benefited and the people learned new styles of art and architecture and made the appearance of the city; tradesmen made their business around northern India, and the city were a trade center.

When the Mughal Aurangzeb was ruled the empire the relationship between Jodhpur and Mughal took a turn for the worse during Jaswant Singh’s reign, then the Mughal Emperor ordered to Jaswant going to Kabul to duel with Afghans whence he never returned. Then Jodhpur was ruled by Prithvi, later, Aurangzeb died in 1707, and the Mughal Empire declined gradually, then the Marathas supplanted the Mughals as overlords of the region. After of 50 years of ruinous wars, the British established their Raj, in 1818.

During the British Raj the state became a protectorate of the British, the Jodhpur political was stabilized, the business flourished and came to occupy a position of dominance in trade across India, and the relations between the Anglo-Saxons and the house of Jodhpur were relatively cordial. Pratap Singh ruled during last years after the India independence, he built one of the first airports in Indian and laid the foundation of the modern state of Jodhpur, in 1947, when India became independent, the state merged unto the union of India and Jodhpur became the second city of Rajasthan.


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