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India Taj Mahal



On July 7, 2007 at 07:07:07 hours, the well called wonderful building Taj Mahal, was declared one of the New Seven Wonders; in a great event celebrate in Lisbon, Portugal.

The Taj Mahal is an indisputable the most famous example of Mughal architecture, and the most perfect jewel of Muslim art in India, this beautiful building is located in the city of Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh, about 200 kilometers from New Delhi, India. The Taj Mahal receive many denominations such as the given by the great Bengali Writer, Rabindranath Tagore who described to the wonder as “a tear on the face of eternity”; it is an “elegy in marble” or some say an expression of a “dream”; Taj Mahal means Crown Palace.

The Taj Mahal is a huge mausoleum mosque was built by Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife, Arjuman Bano Begum who was a Persian princess but later became known as Mumtaz Mahal, the Distinguished of the Palace, for this reason, The Taj Mahal is a great symbol of love and passion. She was the second wife of the Emperor Shah Jahan; they were married in 1612, and had 14 children together. The Empress was the inseparable companion and loved wife, even she used to accompany to her husband in his military campaigns. In 1631, in Burhanpur, she died while she gave birth to her last child.

The great love of the Emperor for his wife made that he ordered to build the most beautiful mausoleum on earth for her such as the world had never seen before. The Taj Mahal was built from 1631 to 1648, which is higher than a modern 20-storey building, with a workforce of 20,000. The construction of this great construction is well document, which show that the master architect was Ustad Isa, renowned Islamic architect maybe of Persia or Turkey, but the Taj Mahal wasn’t designed by a single person, Craftsmen from as far as Turkey, Persia, the Ottoman Empire, and Europe came to join in the works, and also many masons, sculptors, and calligraphers had worked on the masterpiece. This unique mughal building combines styles and elements of Persian, Central Asia, and Islamic architecture, and the complex is comprised by The Taj Gateway, The Taj Garden, The Taj Mausoleum, The Tomb, and the Pietra Dura.

The most visible and important part of the Taj Mahal complex is the Mausoleum, which is sit on large marble plinth, which rests on a red sandstone platform at the southern edge of its extensive gardens. Four tall pillars, 42 m each, rise up from the corners of the white marble plinth are topped with eight windowed cupolas; the layout of the mausoleum is basically square, but the corners are chamfered that gives it the form of the irregular octagon, the main tomb hall also is octagonal, in a formation representative of the levels of paradise in Islamic cosmology; the mausoleum also has a large central dome flanked by four small domes, and the entire mausoleum is faced in white marble, with pietra dura ornamentation and Koranic inscriptions and delicate floral relief and inlays adorn the interior. The Tomb stands on its own marble plinth, and is immediately below the dome, which is centrally lined with the main entrance and besides Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb is the tomb of Shah Jahan, which wasn’t actually intended to be there but Aurangzeb placed it there thus breaking the symmetry.

India Taj Mahal


The Taj Mahal, the new world wonder is complex is surrounded by red sandstones wall, less the side of the river-facing. The sprawling garden between the Mausoleum and the Gateway, laid out in the Persian Charbagh style that accentuated the beauty of the Taj Majal, which has four garden plans, the wall in front of the garden is fronted by columned arcades, a feature typical of Hindu temples later incorporated into Mughal mosques. The Main Gateway or called Darwaza is a greeted structure built primarily of marble, and when you enter the open square before the main entrance, you will be surprised to find the Taj Mahal disappear from your sight; the Gateway is topped by small cupolas or chhatris, symbolic of the divide between the material and the spiritual, the gateway is decorated in calligraphy with verses from holy Koran.

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