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India Travel Guide

Hindi Language



Hindi Language is an Indo-European parent language, it had been evolved from Sanskrit, by way of the Middle Indo-Aryan Prakrit languages and Apabhramsha of the Middle Ages; the Sanskrit is called “the mother of all language” or “Latin of the East”; the language also has been influenced and enriched by Dravidian, Turkish, Farsi, Arabic, Portuguese, and English languages. Hindi language had its beginning in Central Asia around 5000 BC, and also has a special relationship with Urdu, and much of the vocabulary of Hindi comes from Sanskrit. Hindi language first started to be used in writing during the fourth century AD, written with the Brahmi script but since the 11th century AD it has been written with the Devanagari alphabet.

Like the Hindi language, also English belongs to the ancestral language of Sanskrit, this is why many words in Hindi are similar to they English equivalent and in English we find many words of Hindi origin, other reason of this similarity is the influence of the British in India for 200 years. Urdu is other language closely related to Hindi, which was identical to spoken.

Hindi is spoken by almost 500 million people over the world; more than 337 million people in India regard Hindi as their mother tongue, or about 40% of India’s population, about 180 million people in India regard standard as their first language, and another 300 million use it as the second language, . Outside of India, Hindi speakers are 890,000 in South Africa; 685,000 in Mauritius; 232,000 in Yemen; 147,000 in Uganda; 100,000 in USA, 30,000 in Germany, 20,000 in New Zealand; 5,000 in Singapore; and 8 million in Nepal.

From 18 official Indian languages and over 1,000 dialects in India, Hindi is promoted by the government and viewed by over half the population. Hindi is the language that includes more different dialects and variations, and in some times this language is completely different from some of its dialects, inclusive some variations are considered as separate language with their own literature. One of the most important dialects is the "Khari Boli", which is spoken in Western Uttar Pradesh.

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