India travel guide



Goa Travel Guide

Goa History

In the earliest times the land of Goa was ruled by the Sumerian Empire, around 2200 BC the King Gudea of Lagash called it Gubio, and then he established the first communities there. Later the Phoenicians came here for establish the first colonies of Goa, this fact occurred around of 1775 BC.

Around the 1000 BC to 500 BC, Goa had a mythical history, that fact are referenced on the Mahabharata, in those times the area was called Gomantak, Sankrit word that mean “land similar to paradise”; the place with fertile land and good waters was occupied by 96 Brahmans families known as Gaud Saraswast, they with the Kundbis people worked together to made bunds to gain soil from the sea.

The Aryans expelled of their lands to the Cholas, Pandyas, Tamil Mad, Satyaputras and Keralaputras, around 200 BC, the Ashoka’s empire governed that land by those days, making it the southern fringe of his kingdom. Later, geographers as the Greek Strabo made references to the land as KomKvi, and the Arab Geographer called to Goa as Sindabur.

Between 321 BC and 185 BC, the Mauryan Empire governed in Goa, after the from that kingdom, Goa was controlled by several dynasties such as The Chalukyas, Hoysalas, Silharas, The Satavahanas and Kadambas, these rules was occurred during 973 to 1346. During 12th century to 13th century, the area was under control of the Yedavas, later Goa was ruler by Hindu Empire of Vijayanagar between 14th to 15th century.

In 1356, Goa was ruled by the Delhi Sultanate, but during that time the area was a war zone, after, Goa passed to form part of the Vijayanara Empire, Goa was ruler for that dynasty by one hundred years, until that the Bahmani Sultans of Gulbarga conquered Goa in 1469, later the area was governed by Adil Shahis, who made of Velha Goa their auxiliary capital.

Vasco Da Gama was the first European that arrived to India, in 1498, he went there through a sea route, the first place in receive to the Europeans was Calicut in Kerala, after, he arrive to Velha Goa, that was the principal trading center of the west coast of India, he disembarked exactly to the southern bank of the Mandovi River. In these days the Turks closed routes by land to India, and the Portuguese would conquer and made a colony to had complete control of the spice trade to Europe from India. In 1510, the Portuguese Afonso de Albuquerque won the battle by the Konkan lands over the Bijapur kings, and he was established in Velha Goa (now known like Old Goa) for govern those lands.

In times of the inquisition many Hindus was converted to the Christianity, they was forced for not be punished neither confiscate his lands, title or properties, but they conserved their Hindu heritage and others fled of the state for escape from the inquisition. Later, around 16th century, other European powers arrive to India and surrounded the Portuguese land, those only were a few enclaves along the west coast of India, and Goa was the principal and largest of these holdings.

In 1787 the French Revolution, inspired to the Conspiracy Of The Pintos, which was the first ethnic rebellion in Goa. Then Goa was the most important possession for Portugal in India, the city was granted the same civic privileges as Lisbon and was created a senate for maintain direct communication with the King. In 1843 the capital was moved from Velha Goa to Panjim, and the limits of the state had expanded.

In 1947, India gained the independency from the British rule, and Portugal didn’t want to give the independency to one of its latest enclaves; in 1541, the United Nations General Assembly gave a resolution where the Goa land was non self governing and wanted to be self determinate. This fact wasn’t accept by the India government and on December 12, 1961, the India's Government attacked the Portuguese garrison with an army of 40.000 men, the battle finished after of twenty six hours. The state passed to be administrated by the Union Territory of India, and the liberation was signed on December 19, of same year, the United Nations condemned the invasion but was vetoed by the Soviet Union, later, other nations and the Portugal Government recognized the action of India, and Goa became in the twenty five State of India, with Daman & Diu, formed part of the Union Territories.

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