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Bengali Renaissance



During the nineteenth century in divided India, in the region of Bengal had place a social and religious reform movement that was called Bengali Renaissance, this time had several reforms in different aspects such as social, cultural, religious, scholar, literature, journalist, scientist and patriotic in western area of India. The movement had to many important persons like a Raja Ram Mohan Roy who is consider father of this movement, and his best representative was Rabindranath Tagore who won the Novel Prize in 1913, they and others were part important of the transition from medieval to the modern.

Bengali Renaissance was questioned existing orthodoxies, especially issues like the marriage, women, the caste system, the dowry system, and religion. The discussions between the upper caste Hindu about the rationalism and atheism had place, those were very common, and this movement was called Young Bengal movement. Other movement parallel was the Brahmo Samaj, they donít conceptualized a free India in a feudal colonial era, and they had their own version of the Hinduism, their disagreement whit the evil during Islamic rule, and the monotheism faith of Christianity that was distinct from the multifaceted and pluralistic nature of the Hindu religion. The movement doesnít gained the masses acceptation but was well supported for the Indian elite, because they didnít like some things about leaders as Keshub Chunder Sen who was devotee of the Christ, although in the Brahmo Samaj movement had good social reforms that Hindu society accepted most of them, many leaders Brahmos participated of the freedom movement.

But the movement have many good things such as the Hindu nationality, reconciliation of the Hindu religions with Christianity and Islam, educational and especially literature, Tagore family were leaders interested in the educational reform and in the growth of the Bengali literature, they and other Bengalis wrote many novels and poems in prose during the Bengali Renaissance. Rabindranath Tagore was the greatest writer, Bengali poet, novelist, educator, and an early advocate of the Indiaís independence. He won many prizes, but the most important was in 1913, the Nobel Prize, many leaders of the modern India was influenced by Tagore, but he was ignored how critic of colonialism and of the reform, especially in the west was considering a mystic person. He had five children with Mrinalini Devi Raichaudhuri, he wrote seven volumes of poetry, including Sonar Tari, Khanika, these are well accept among his critics and scholars. Some novels that he wrote are Chocher Bali, Nashtanir, for this time heís reputation was established in England and United States, after he published GITANJALI: SON OFFERINGS, his bestseller. More of his works was published later.


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